What is the nature of the relationship between Eliezer and Moshe the Beadle?
In the first chapter of the narrative, Eliezer is driven by religious study. He seeks a guru or a master to help guide him in this realm. Eliezer's father is much more bound to matters of business and social context, and cannot serve as much in way of satiating Eliezer's desire. Yet, Moshe the Beadle is significant because he helps to guide Eliezer on his spiritual path. The relationship that develops between the two is highly spiritual. Moshe and Eliezer discuss their interpretations on sacred texts, as well as the basic nature of the relationship between God and human beings. It is quite an elevated relationship, one in which the metaphysical dimension of spirituality is enhanced and fostered through discourse and tutelage. Of course, like so much, this is ruptured when "all foreign Jews are expelled from Sighet." Moshe returns as a man on a mission to warn the remaining Jewish people in Sighet to leave as soon as possible in fear of what comes next. Moshe sees this as his new religious mission, something that transcends his own being. Eliezer is stunned to see this transformation, but even more taken aback when he sees his guru and master broken by the ignorance of the people in Sighet. Eliezer is forced to see his spiritual master and guru cast aside and rejected, realities that compel Moshe the Beadle to leave once and for all. This is significant because it shows a spiritual dimension to Eliezer that will become withered as his experience and his narrative are exposed to elements that few religious elements can sufficiently explain.
Elie depends on him as a mentor into the more mystical realms of the Jewish religion. Elie's father wants him to wait until he's 30 years old before attempting to do this but Elie is impatient aqnd Moche the Beadle takes pity on him and becomes his guide as they discuss the cabbal.