What is the narrative technique in The Necklace?

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lsumner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The narrative technique in the short story "The Necklace" is a third person omniscient point of view or perspective. This is an appropriate technique since Madame Loisel nor her husband would be reliable narrators. The third person omniscient narrator knows all and shares what the characters are thinking and feeling. This narrative technique allows the reader to know exactly how Madame Loisel truly feels. Using this narrative technique helps the reader see that Madame Loisel is humiliated about her station in life. She is angry because she feels she was born for the finer things in life. Truly, this narrative technique is used to express the emotions that both Madame Loisel and her husband feel. While she is depressed and very unhappy, her husband tries so hard to make her happy. He does not have the prestige and high ranking wealthy reputation that Mathilde so desires. He does not have the financial status that Mathilde so desires. She longs for a wealthy, luxurious lifestyle. The narrative technique is craftily used to help the reader get into the minds and hearts of the characters. In this technique, the reader can form an opinion that is based on the inner turmoil that Madame Loisel experiences due to not having expensive jewelry, fine clothes and a mansion. The reader can see that Madame Loisel feels life has been unjust to her. At the same time, this narrative technique shows the reader that Madame Loisel is truly missing out on what is really important in life. The reader is relieved that Mathilde learns this lesson even if it is learned the hard way. The third person omniscient point of view is a narrative technique that allows the reader to travel on Madame Loisel's journey as she goes from being extremely unhappy to a lady who is finally "decently content" with the life she was born to live.