To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

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What does the narrative of To Kill a Mockingbird have to do with conformity?  

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Conformity is a motif of To Kill a Mockingbird

In the essay entitled "Self-Reliance" in which Ralph Waldo Emerson rails against imitation, he writes that conformity is a game of "blind-man's bluff"; furthermore, he states that in demanding conformity,

society everywhere is in conspiracy against the manhood [individuality] of every one of its members.

Certainly, Emerson's convictions about conformity hold true in several instances of the narrative of Harper Lee's novel.

In the realm of education, there are instances in which conformity exemplifies a certain blindness to the true goal of learning. For example, in Chapter 2 when Scout attends school on the first day, Miss Caroline becomes upset with her because she already knows how to read. Scout's reading proficiency disturbs the proper order of learning to which Miss Caroline adheres. So, when Scout demonstrates competency by reading easily

...most of My First Reader and the stock-market quotations from The Mobile Register,

Miss Caroline instructs her nonsensically to tell her father to discontinue his teaching because "it would interfere with [her] reading." What she really means is that Scout's advanced skill does not conform to the expectations of first grade and the precepts of educational theorists she has studied. Since Miss Caroline only knows how to teach by conforming to these precepts, Scout must be on a similar level with the other students.

As a lady of Maycomb's society, Aunt Alexandra adheres to a certain way of dressing on Sundays and at social gatherings. In preparation for her tea with the ladies of the church, she insists upon making the refreshments herself. Scout is forced to wear a dress and to conduct herself as a lady at this tea. 

In another example of conformity, frequently Alexandra speaks to her brother Atticus about his methods of parenting and the close relationship of Calpurnia and the children, all of which do not adhere to conventional norms for their social class.

Considered the most egregious break from social...

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