What are the names of the various cell organelles?

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megamind-616 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Organelles are small, membrane-bound packages within eukaryotic cells that have specific functions (jobs) within the cell. Alone, organelles are not considered living. Some examples of organelles are:

- the nucleus

- the ribosomes

- the endoplasmic reticulum (smooth or rough)

- lysosomes

- the mitochondria

- the chloroplasts

- vacuoles 

- cytoskeleton

- Golgi apparatus

- centrioles

- peroxisomes

- microfilaments

- cytoplasm (this is currently being argued whether or not it is should be considered an organelle as more research is pointing towards its vital roles towards the overall function of the cell)

- cell membrane (not necessarily an interior organelle, but its selective permeability is vital to the protection and function of the cell)

The above list is for eukaryotic cells, which are defined as cells with a nucleus and organelles. Prokaryotic cells, on the other hand, do not have organelles nor a nucleus. Instead, their genetic material (DNA) floats freely within the cytoplasm. 

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