What is the name of the upper mantle just below the Crust of the Earth?Describe its consistency.

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ako6777 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Mohorovičić discontinuity, also known as the moho, is the space between the earth's crust and mantle.   The moho seperates oceanic crust from continental crust. No one has ever been or drilled deep enough into the earth to penetrate the moho.  Drilling a well to that depth would be very expensive and dangerous due to the pressure and temperature.  The moho is 5-10 km below the ocean floor and 20-90km below continents. It is estimated to be 0.2-3km thick. 

The moho displays a resistant surface because it is made up of rocky material. This marks the place where seismic waves traveling down through the earth's crust speed up.

The Mohorovicic discontinuity was identified in 1909 by Andrija Mohorovicic. He is considered to be one of the founders of modern seismology. 

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I think it is likely that the word you are looking for is "moho."  The moho is the part of the mantle that is closest to the crust.  It is the part that actually touches up against the bottom of the crust.  The moho was named after a Croatian seismologist with a really long name (Mohorovicic).

The moho and the lower part of the crust are really quite rigid.  They are not liquified like some of the lower parts of the mantle.

The moho is about 8 kilometers under the ocean crust and 32 kilometers under continental crusts.

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