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What is the name of the Christian house of worship?

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Palma Ebert eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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A “church” is a Christian house of worship. Churches, like any other house of worship, vary largely in size and structure, but all are known as the “house of the Lord” or “God’s house.” That being said, the Christian belief that any structure can become a church has been a growing theological trend in recent years, referencing the early church in the book of Acts, which met in homes, and based on the scripture of Matthew 18:20:

For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

This is largely a Protestant movement, as the Catholic church has rather strict regulations for church structures and for what makes a basilica. A Catholic church is only called a “basilica” with a special designation by the Pope and with the requirement to celebrate particular feast days and services. The term "basilica" comes from the early Roman church, but it was originally used to designate other buildings of public assembly.

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mrkirschner eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The name of the house of worship in the Christian faith is referred to as a variety of terms depending on the denomination.  The most common name across all denominations is church.  The word has Greek etymology and is translated to mean “the Lord’s house.”  In the Catholic church, basilica and cathedral are other terms for a house of worship, but they are usually larger in size and importance than a local parish church.  The term chapel is used in some Presbyterian churches and is also used to denote a smaller house of worship. Mormons and other smaller sects of Christianity call a horse of worship a Meeting House.  

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