What motto does Old Major give the animals?

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At the beginning of the novella, old Major gives a moving, passionate speech, where he encourages the animals to rebel against their human masters and establish an egalitarian society ruled by animals. Old Major focuses his speech on the oppressive, malevolent nature of humans and labels human beings as an animal's worst enemy. Old Major elaborates on the various ways humans oppress animals on the farm and encourages them to rise up against their masters. Old Major's motto is

Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend (Orwell, 5).

He then proceeds to warn the animals about adopting human habits and behaviors. The intelligent pigs eventually adopt Old Major's warnings and use them to create the Seven Commandments. Following the death of old Major and the creation of the Seven Commandments, old Major's motto is then reduced to a single maxim, "Four legs good, two legs bad," which is repeated on a constant basis by the unintelligent sheep.

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In chapter 1 of Orwell's Animal Farm Old Major garners support from the farm animals with two mottoes.  These mottoes are used to draw the animals together in a camaraderie against the humans and together with Old Major's vision for their future.

" All men are enemies. All Animals are comrades."

" Whatever goes upon two legs, is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend."

Old Major (a prize winning board) seeks to unite the animals with tales of similar abuse and torment at the hands of their human beings, and points to the man, Mr. Jones, as the source of their hardships and problems. While he does motivate and warn the other animals, he is finally forced to confess that his life was not that bad and that he often had it much easier than his fellow farm animals.  Three days after his speech, Old Major dies in his sleep.

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