Lord of the Flies is a complex text, so there are many important aspects that a reader should pay attention to while reading; one of the reasons why teachers love using this novel so much in the classroom is that the author has created a wealth of great material for analysis.
1. Themes: One of Golding's most important themes in the novel is the idea of civilization versus savagery. Golding uses the young boys' adventures on the island to explore the belief that man, while capable of great good and kindness, is also inherently evil and destructive.
2. Symbols: Lord of the Flies is full of symbols that Golding uses in connection to his savagery versus civilization theme mentioned above. Important symbols to note are: the conch shell, the fire, Piggy's glasses, the Lord of the Flies, the beast.