What are the most important aspects of the mythological and archetypal approaches? How are they related to the psychological approach?

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The mythological and archetypal approaches assume there are certain symbols, motifs, and character types that transcend all cultures: these types and symbols are universal and, therefore, appear in the literature of all cultures. The mythological and archetypal approaches stand outside of history to isolate those strands in literature that seem independent of a particular culture. For example, a common myth or archetype would be the Cinderella story: all cultures, from the simplest to the advanced, tell some version of this same story, just as all cultures tell quest narratives and trickster narratives.

Psychological criticism, especially Freudianism, likewise argues that a universal unconscious which transcends any particular culture can be...

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