What are the most important aspects of the mythological and archetypal approaches? How are they related to the psychological approach?   Hard question for Introduction to Literary Studies... help!...

  1. What are the most important aspects of the mythological and archetypal approaches? How are they related to the psychological approach?

 

Hard question for Introduction to Literary Studies... help! It's one of the questions for my oral exam.

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Borrowing from the work of Northrop Frye, particularly “The Archetypes of Literature,” the archetypal and mythological approach to literature is to sort of “stand back” when you look at literature to get the general building blocks. If you are looking at a painting of the Madonna up close, you see something very specific and seemingly particular. When you stand back and look at multiple depictions of the Madonna over history, you begin to see a pattern. An archetype is an original model that serves as a repeating pattern. Frye notes that literature is built upon these archetypes. Fyre was attempting to take literary criticism from the ‘close’ reading of the New Critics (and their emphasis on form, structural literariness) and focus more on the scientific building blocks/elements of the history of literature. He claimed that these archetypes (such as the hero on a quest) could be found throughout...

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