1. story tells us that there are many separations,many deaths in life. seperations ore a part of life.no one belongs to anyone in this world and everyone has to die one day
2.even if someone has left,a faint hope lingers in the mind that they may return and in this hope the wait
3.we as humans are always poor in understanding logic and reasons. logic and reasons are slow to penetrate in our mind and therefore we cling with both arms to false hope,refusing to believe in weightiest proofs against it, embracing it with all our strength
4.in the end it escapes, ripping our veins and draining our hearrt's blood, until, regaining consiousness, we rush to fall intosnares of delusion all again
false hope always remain in us and we always cling to it.
As for the moral of the story, there is not one but many.
1. The impossibility of merging the urban and the rural cultural places even in a country like India where the latter dominates in terms of quantity. There is a cultural protocol and conformism that disables this bridging. At the heart of his hearts, the postmaster does want to take her along with him but as he sums it up, in terms of social conventions, he cannot flout, it is rather absurd. There are still fascinating and fleeting encounters between these two lives as the story demonstrates.
2. The uncategorizability of a relation. How do you categorize the relation between the postmaster and Ratan? Are they master and slave, brother and sister, mother and son or lovers? It is an ambivalence that rules here.
3. The story, as the final paragraph sums up, is also about the repetitive folly of human desire, its inherent absurdity in going for an impossible object. After each disillusionment, the human heart again craves, as it were, for the entrapment within yet another life-sustaining illusion.
The important figures in the story are irony, as evident in the moral of the story, personification and pathetic fallacy by the means of which Tagore humanizes the nature in the village, the objective-correlative as in the reference to the leak in the roof as a symbol or metaphor for the leak in the relation between Ratan and the postmaster, the river-water as a metaphor for Ratan's tears and so on.