"Measure for Measure" is a play written by William Shakespeare. It considers the problem of moral issues of mercy, justice, truth played out in real life in relation to one's own struggles with pride and humility.
One of the main discussion points of the play is the problem with taking any moral stance to an extreme in one's life: it creates its own set of problems.
The "dilemmas" within the plot occur because someone took a moral virtue to an extreme until it became a problem.
Morals are important. Shakespeare's intention is to warn against adhering to moral values so strictly that other virtues, such as mercy, are lost. Shakespeare was teaching a greater moral lesson of balancing mercy with justice.