what is a modern sonnet
After the introduction of free verse, sonnet style poems were considered old-fashioned. Some modern poets like Wilfred Owen, Robert Frost, George Meredith, and Claude Mckay, however, decided to continue using the form. A modern sonnet usually lacks a specific pattern or rhyme scheme and sometimes has the feel of a free verse, but it is built upon the basic characteristics of sonnets. Demonstrating a story-like progression, sonnets are lyrical expressions of a narrative that consist of fourteen lines.
The New Formalism movement in the US also stirred contemporary interest in sonnets. A specific category of "word sonnet" is perhaps one of the most unique styles, progressing with one word per line while keeping the fourteen line structure of a sonnet.