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What is a mode of production?

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The mode of production includes the means of production which are human labor and the actual tools, machinery and capital that is used to produce goods. The mode of production also includes the relations of production which are the relations between people and the objects they use to make goods as well as the relations between the people themselves. In particular, these relations of production are the ways social classes interact and how workers function with employers, or how workers relate to those who own property and capital.

In Marxism, understanding the way goods are produced and consumed requires an understanding of how they are produced. These goods are first and foremost what we need to survive. So, the mode of production describes how we produce the necessities of our own survival. These goods also include things additional to food, shelter and clothing. This can include art, toys, and really any...

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