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There are many possible answers you might receive to this question and various critics have debated what the realm of shadows where the Lady of Shallot lives, and what the realm of reality, into which she momentously enters, might actually symbolise, with such answers as art and life. However, my own feeling, for what it is worth, is that this poem is all about the contrast between life and the pale reflection of life or death in life.
Note the way that the Lady is shown to live in a world of shadows and greys, which even dominate the "four grey walls and four grey towers" that make up her abode. She is a character who is divorced from life, symbolised in the bright colours of the villagers that she watches go up and down the road. However, life and its spirit is most famously and forcefully captured in the character of Sir Lancelot, who enters with movement and colour, described as a "bowshot." His "brazen greaves" are emphasised and adjectives such as "dazzling" and "sparkled" are applied to him. It is this sight that gives the Lady the courage to defy the curse and to try and start living, which of course has tragic consequences. Participation in life is definitely attractive and tempting, but participating in life will always have its consequences, some of which can be fatal.
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