What are examples of metaphor, alliteration, characterization, dialogue, foreshadowing, irony, imagery, and onomatopoeia in The Outsiders?Identify each literary device, please, for the book,The...

What are examples of metaphor, alliteration, characterization, dialogue, foreshadowing, irony, imagery, and onomatopoeia in The Outsiders?

Identify each literary device, please, for the book,The Outsiders.

Expert Answers
gpane eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Metaphor: Johnny is described as 'a little dark puppy that has been kicked too many times and is lost in a crowd of strangers', thus emphasizing his vulnerable qualities

Alliteration: Near the end of the book, when Johnny dies from his injuries incurred in saving the children from the burning church, and Dallas dies in a 'suicide-by-cop' scenario, Ponyboy reflects: 'Two of my friends had died that night, one a hero, the other a hoodlum'. The 'h' in front of 'hero' and 'hoodlum' is an example of alliteration. It links the deaths of the two characters while at the same time contrasting them: Johnny the heroic rescuer, and Dallas the violent criminal (although, as Ponyboy remembers, Dallas also had his good points)

Imagery: the recurring image of the sunset, which symbolizes the finer things of life and the sensitive, dreamy side of characters like Ponyboy, Cherry and Johnny

Foreshadowing: When reading the book Gone With the Wind Johnny remarks that the Southern gentlemen, who bravely meet theri death, remind him of Dally. Although Ponyboy can't see the resemblance then, at the end of the book Dally is said to die in a similarly 'gallant' manner like those Southern gentlemen.

Dialogue: in the following extract, we see the tenseness between the Socs and Greasers and how they deliberately try and needle each other.

Two-Bit put his elbow on Johnny's shoulder. "Who you callin' bums?"

"Listen, greasers, we got four more of us in the back seat..."

"Then pity the back seat," Two-Bit said to the sky.

"If you're looking for a fight..."

Irony: Johnny and Ponyboy are not tough and hardened like the other Greasers yet they are the ones who end up facing the rap for murder and hiding out from the police.

Characterisation: After several lines of describing Sodapop's charismatic and happy-go-lucky nature, Ponyboy sums him up by saying that 'he gets drunk on just plain living'.

bullgatortail eNotes educator| Certified Educator

IMAGERY.  The Ford Mustang is a repeated example of visual imagery in the novel. The car was a brand new model by Ford at the time the novel was being written, and its popularity as an affordable sports car was magnetic in the mid-1960s.

IRONY.  One example comes at the beginning of the rumble after Darry steps forward to "take on anyone." The Soc that accepts his challenge is Paul Holden, Darry's best friend from high school football days, and the two old friends square off to throw the first punches.

ONOMATOPOEIA.  In Chapter 3, the word "vroomed" is used to describe the sound of the Socs' Mustang speeding away.

ALLITERATION.  This literary device can be found in Robert Frost's poem, "Nothing Gold Can Stay." The line that illustrates this uses repeating "h" sounds throughout the line.

Her hardest hue to hold.

FORESHADOWING.  One example comes while the boys are hiding out at the church on Jay Mountain. Ponyboy narrates that

We were careful with our cigarettes--if that old church caught fire, there'd be no stopping it.

METAPHOR.  The Socs' madras shirts serve as a metaphor for the group, their wealth, and their dress style.