What is the message conveyed in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland for children and for adults?

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As other answers have suggested, a central message of the book is that of identity. I would focus on the book's exploration of identity as liable to become fluid and changeable when we encounter and must survive in other cultures with different norms, as Alice must in Wonderland. Her adventures there initially literally change her physical identity—she is always growing and shrinking. This shows how difficult it can be to "fit in" to a new culture. As Alice says, before bursting into tears, "Who in the world am I?"

Alice had a much more concrete sense of self when she was in her safe, if duller, Victorian home with Dinah and her cat. As she goes down the rabbit hole, however, she is forced to confront a disorienting and defamiliarizing—and exciting—world where everything is the same but different. From the start, the "immigrant" Alice has to face that what would be the simplest acts in her own culture, such as walking through a door, have become much more complicated because she...

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