In "The Cask of Amontillado," the message is clear--Be careful how you treat others. No doubt, the Golden Rule is one message. Treat others the way you want to be treated. Montresor has taken insult upon insult from Fortunato. He has suffered a thousand injuries. Montresor has had enough. He wants revenge:
THE thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could ; but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge. You, who so well know the nature of my soul, will not suppose, however, that I gave utterance to a threat. At length I would be avenged;
No doubt, Montresor has had enough. Fortunato has gotten by with his injuries and insults. Now, Fortunato will reap what he has sown. Montresor will have his vengenance. Fortunato made a grave mistake when he insulted Montresor. Now, Fortunato will meet with his death. He should have treated Montresor the way he wanted to be treated, another relevant message.
Truly, the message of revenge is an important one in this story. Also, you reap what you sew. Fortunato has sown grevious insults and now he will reap the ultimate insult. Montresor is about to put Fortunato behind a wall, there to die.
Another message that can be found in this story is one dealing with too much consumption of wine. Fortunato should have been conservative in his drinking. He is drunk. Now, he will die. It does not pay to put oneself in a drunken state. Montresor can have his way with Fortunato now. He can toy with him as he plans his ultimate death.
Again, the overall message is revenge. Montresor will have revenge for the iujuries and insults of Fortunato:
He has been nursing a grudge against his friend Fortunato, who has committed several unnamed offenses against him, and has been coldly planning his revenge. Meeting Fortunato in the street one evening, Montresor takes this opportunity to lure his friend into the deepest catacombs beneath his palazzo, and there he chains Fortunato to the wall of a small alcove, seals him in behind a new brick wall which he builds even as Fortunato begs for mercy, and leaves him to die.
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