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For the Mesopotamian the afterlife was not particularly pleasant. They believed that life after death meant a descent into an underworld ruled by the god Nergal. They lived particularly difficult lives, and their ideas about the afterlife resembled the hardships they faced during their lives while still living, and they "wasted no time" preparing for the afterlife. This is actually quite contrary to what usually occurs in that people who face tremendous hardships in life picture an afterlife in which their suffering is no more. Evidently, Mesopotamians had very little hope :(
During the Mesopotamia era, there was a group known as the Sumerians. These people lived in Mesopotamia from 2900-1000BC. There were one of the most diverse groups of people living in the valley beween the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. There were a very intelligent group of people studying astrology, religion, science, mathematics, etc.
The religion of the Sumerians was polytheistic and they spent a great deal of time learning about their gods. These gods were very powerful and resembled humans. They were also known as creator gods, meaning they had created the world and the people that inhabited it. They believed that there were no punishments or rewards for human beings after death. They believed that they became "wisps of the earth" and eventually fade into nothing as time went on. Unfortunately there was little hope for Sumerians.
In my class we reviewed the answers and said that the view of the after life was adreadfull place where you would face the same hardships as you would while you were mortal. Also we had to read the Epic of Gilgamesh were in the story it said that the afterlife was a place where you still serve you god(s) and you had wings like an eagle and there was only one color there black.
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