What is medical sociology?the definition and brief notes on it

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readerofbooks's profile pic

readerofbooks | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Sociology is a discipline that studies anything and everything in society. Recently, the history and sociology of technology and science has been a big subject. The field is wide and therefore does not lend itself to concise definitions, but we can roughly say that the sociology of medicine is how medicine functions in society. This can be broadened out. For example, one can study the history and sociology of plagues, epidemics, and insurance. One can also ask questions about physical wellness and the connection to medicine. Is it possible that humans today are much better off, not because of medicine, but because of clean water? I don’t know the answer, but it is an important point to consider. If one looks at things from a corporate point of view, then one can argue that certain things are studied and not others, because of monetary backing. I think you get the point. There is a lot to study.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

Sociology is the study of the structure and functioning of society and how those things affect the well-being of individuals in the society.

Given this definition, it follows that medical sociology is the study of the relationship between society and the health of its individual members.

Medical sociology studies such questions as:

  • How does a person's place in society (his or her race, sex, income level, etcetera) affect his or her access to health care?
  • How do the above factors affect the quality of health care an individual receives
  • What types of people generally engage in behaviors that are detrimental to their health

This list is by no means comprehensive.

I'm sorry, but I don't know the exact meaning of "brief notes."  I hope this is helpful.

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