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What is meant by langue and parole?

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These terms, from Frederick de Saussure’s Course in General Linguistics, are used to differentiate between the tool and its use. Langue (French for “language) is a system of speech—its syntax , tenses, vocabulary, rules of grammar, declensions, inflections, etc.—the language as a system. Parole is what the language is used for—to declare, to object, to describe, to promise, etc., etc.—what are...

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