International Joint Ventures are created between organizations from different countries with a belief that their individual strengths can be used in a synergetic manner.
Controls are especially important in international joint ventures as organizations from different countries have different work cultures and different objectives. A conflict in the objectives of the organizations that are part of the joint venture can lead to a failure of the joint venture.
To ensure that joint ventures are able to fulfill their purpose of creation formal controls mechanisms are created that consist of sets of rules that are accepted by all the entities. These include rules for the constitution of the board of directors, the procedures to appoint personnel, creation of budgets, allocations of resources, etc. In addition to formal control mechanisms, social controls are used to allow easy communication, exchange of knowledge and information and creation of relations that make it easy for everyone to work toward the desired goals.