What is the meaning of the title of Part Two of Fahrenheit 451?
Part 2 of the novel is entitled "The Sieve and the Sand," which alludes to a distant childhood memory that metaphorically represents Montag's difficult situation. While Montag is traveling on a crowded train to seek Faber's advice concerning how to comprehend various texts, he is continually interrupted by the Denham's Dentifrice advertisement. Montag attempts to block out the distraction by reading faster, but he cannot comprehend anything he is reading. Essentially, the faster Montag tries to read, the more information he misses. Montag's inability to capture and understand the meaning of the text reminds him of a time when he visited the beach with his cruel cousin. Montag's cousin bet him a dime that he could not fill a sieve with sand. The faster Montag poured the sand into the sieve, the more the sand would sift through. Montag's childhood experience relates to his inability to comprehend the text by reading faster.
The title alludes to Montag's inability to block out distractions and understand the texts despite the fact that he increases his reading speed. This reminds Montag of his childhood memory at the beach attempting to fill a sieve with sand.
Part two of Farenheit 451, entitled "The Sieve and the Sand" creates a metaphor between the childhood incident of Montag trying to fill a sieve with sand quickly enough to win a dime and ultimately crying in frustration to the point where he is now in the novel as he attempts to skim through the Bible on the subway, hoping desperately that some of the passages will stick in his memory.
Like the title of Part One, "The Hearth and the Salamander," Bradbury chooses a title for part two of the novel that also connects to the elements with "The Sieve and the Sand," creating an image of earth, but one that is transitory--fleeting like Montag's sand slipping through his sieve; Bradbury's powerful use of imagery reinforces his theme of change and the idea of the 'temporary'--nothing can last forever.
Here is an overview of the novel:
The meaning of the title of Part Two is that the "Sieve and the Sand" refers to two incidents: one from Montag's childhood and one from the present. In the incident from his childhood, a cruel cousin challenged Guy Montag to fill a sieve with sand in exchange for a dime. Of course, the more sand that the child Montag put into the sieve, the more sand fell through the holes in the sieve. His hands were tired, the sand was boiling, and the sieve was empty. This frustrated Guy, causing him to cry. The other incident involves Montag's attempts to memorize. He was trying to memorize the Bible line by line, but the noise from the advertisement for Denham's Dentifrice that keeps playing while Montag is on the train is interfering and the words to the Bible fall through his memory just like the sand went through the sieve all those years ago.