1984 Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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What is the meaning of this quote? "Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows." How is this quote related to the "2+2=5" idea?

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Winston Smith lives in the dystopian nation of Oceania, where the totalitarian government controls nearly every aspect of society through effective propaganda, extensive surveillance, fear, and manipulation. Newspeak, doublethink, and the mutability of the past are the primary principles of Ingsoc, which enable the regime to oppress and control the entire population. By utilizing these three principles, Big Brother effectively controls reality and creates a narrative that corresponds to the regime's current policies. Doublethink is the difficult mental exercise that allows a person to simultaneously believe two contradicting ideas. In order to be completely orthodox, Party members must be able to exercise doublethink, which allows them to fully accept and believe anything the government says.

In addition to doublethink, the Party continually alters the past and even fabricates events and people to coincide with their current political agenda. Between the mutability of the past and...

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acompanioninthetardis | Student

Because 2+2=5 is what the party says and if you believe anything else you're always wrong and are punished for rebelling against the party. the truth to the matter is that 2+2 is obviously 4 but that is what is called freedom..the ability to express the truth, freely.