What is the Marxist view of the relationship between Ideology and Literature ?
The Marxist view of the relationship between ideology and literature is a profound one. For the Marxist literary critic, ideology is the basis for the production and formation of literature. As Eagleton notes, it is more than mere references to "the working class." Marxist literary criticism believes that examining the literature's ideological point of view actually enhances an understanding of it:
Its [Marxist literary criticism] aim is to explain the literary work more fully; and this means a sensitive attention to its forms, styles and meanings. But it also means grasping those forms, styles and meanings as the product of a particular history.
For the Marxist literary critic, examining the relationship between literature and ideology enhances the understanding of the work. It delves into the nature of how the work came into existence as well as the fundamental issues of class and socio- economic reality that is in the work. Ideology is seen as the basis of consciousness, and the Marxist literary critic argues this point in assessing the relationship between it and the literature in question. This relationship is a strong one, and one that will allow a greater understanding of the premises of any given work.