Is the Mandate of Heaven simply a legitimizing concept for new dynasties, and if so, how do you explain the demise of various dynasties?  Give examples from specific dynasties from the Shang to...

  Is the Mandate of Heaven simply a legitimizing concept for new dynasties, and if so, how do you explain the demise of various dynasties?  Give examples from specific dynasties from the Shang to the Later Han.

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