What are the major differences between Victorian and Modernist literature?

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The Victorian Era can be considered to encompass roughly 1830 - 1900. Such a large span of years and such a large number of literary works are difficult to capture within a few sentences. However, generally speaking Victorian literature can be broken into the early Victorian, mid-Victorian, and late Victorian, each with its own characteristics. The early Victorian works are characterized by attention to the social issues created by the rapid industrialization taking place during the years 1830 - 1850. Representative works include "The Cry of the Children" by Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens. Thanks to the efforts of many writers and civic leaders during those years, real progress was made on many of those issues. This led to a period in the middle of the century when the British Empire blossomed and pride in the national identity peaked. George Eliot's novels of moral orthodoxy and psychological realism , Alfred Lord Tennyson's "In Memoriam" and "The Charge of...

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