What are the major differences between banking and problem-posing education according to Paulo Freire?
According to Freire, education that oppresses people is typically this "banking" education. He says that this kind of education happens when students are simply given facts and figures to memorize. He believes that they learn these things by rote without having any understanding of how the facts impact their lives.
By contrast, the sort of education that Freire advocates is one in which students work to create their own realities. They look at the facts and try to understand what those facts meant for them. They try to understand the assumptions that other people have made so that they can accept or reject those assumptions with their eyes open (rather than having the assumptions just put into their heads unquestioned).