In 1660, the British monarchy was restored when the rule of Oliver Cromwell ended and Charles II was crowned King of England. At that time, King Charles resumed the colonization of North America by establishing what were called Restoration Colonies. To attract settlers to the colonies, he established land grants to individual proprietors, most of them men of means who helped him win back the crown. These proprietary colonies were New York, New England, Pennsylvania (which included soon-to-be Delaware), and the Carolinas.
Because King George offered the settlers attractive land grants and because these colonies offered religious and civil freedoms, the Restoration Colonies attracted a large number of settlers from a variety of religious and ethnic groups. The Dutch, the Scotch-Irish, and the German people settled in these colonies, as did people from England. Because the proprietors were intent on recruiting settlers to help them farm the land and build prosperous colonies, land owners throughout the colonies relied heavily on the importation and exploitation of African slaves. They also heavily on indentured servants, many from the West Indies. These indentured servants were obligated to work for the landowners for a period of 4–7 years, usually on their farms and plantations. Upon their release, they gained their freedom, and many received small land grants, which secured their place in the colony.