This question is broad, because Caesar had so many great accomplishments that were political, literary, and historical. He also made some interesting innovations in military and engineering matters. One of Julius Caesar's major accomplishments was to prevent the invasion of Rome by the tribes of Gaul (sort of modern day...
This question is broad, because Caesar had so many great accomplishments that were political, literary, and historical. He also made some interesting innovations in military and engineering matters. One of Julius Caesar's major accomplishments was to prevent the invasion of Rome by the tribes of Gaul (sort of modern day France and Germany) during the Gallic Wars. This made him very rich, but it also made Rome richer too. It catapulted Caesar's military career.
However, one of Caesar’s biggest accomplishments was something he did right before he died. He chose young Gaius Octavius as his heir. Why is this such a significant achievement? I consider it an achievement to realize how intelligent, gifted, and ruthless this young man was. Octavius was 17 when his “father” died. He was being raised essentially by Caesar’s sister, so there was some contact. Octavius was a sickly child (possibly due to asthma or maybe whatever ailed Caesar himself), and while they definitely had some contact, it’s not clear how much.
However much contact they had, Octavius made an impression on him. Mark Antony being a disappointment, Caesar chose Octavius as a his heir, and changed the course of history when he adopted him in his will. He saw something in this young man. He knew that he had the intelligence and political cunning to fight his way to the top past the likes of Antony and Brutus and all of Caesar’s other enemies.
He did. It took Octavius/Caesar until 30 BC to do it, when he defeated Antony and Cleopatra. He became Augustus, and the Roman Empire was born. With the birth of the Roman Empire, the civil wars ended. There were no more factions. There was no more dissent (that Augustus did not allow), but there was no more bloodshed either. There was the Pax Romana, and 200 years of peace and Roman expansion. Augustus built libraries, sewers, roads, and other public works. There was an expanded grain dole and a standing army, and no more daggers in the senate, which I guess is the biggest improvement.
Caesar accomplished a lot on his own. He was a remarkable public speaker, and the people loved him. He was famous for luck, and for caring about people. He was definitely a self-made man, and he made himself rich on military exploits, but also on military skill. He was a genius. Perhaps one of his greatest achievements was recognizing the heir to his empire.