What is the main theme of To Kill a Mockingbird?

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wannam | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Educator

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The main theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is innocence. We see this theme repeated over and over again. To start with, the title of the book is explained in the text. It is explained to Scout that no one should shoot a mockingbird because they are innocent and only want to please others. We see Scout relating this concept to Tom Robinson's trial and Atticus's defense of his client. We also see Scout start to realize this concept also applies to Boo Radley. Her own innocence puts a distance between her ideas and those of the towns people. It is because Scout is innocent herself that we are able to see the innocence of others through her eyes.
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albi123 | Student, Grade 9 | (Level 1) eNoter

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The main theme is "It is a sin to kill a mockingbird" in other words, picking on people who are helpless and don't do harm is a terrible thing. Some of the mocking birds (which is a symbol in the book) in the novel are, Boo Radely and Tom Robinson. The theme also represents the racial injustice in the South.

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jpreta | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) eNoter

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Race in America, primarily racial inequality and gender roles in the south, are the focal points of To Kill a Mockingbird. When Atticus, a central character, is appointed to defend a black man who purportedly raped a white woman, the central themes of the book emerge: ethics and justice as they pertain to the Christian ideals set forth during the Great Depression in Harper Lee's fictive town of Maycomb Alabama.