What were the main terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

The main terms of the Treaty of Versailles were that Germany had to assume the blame for starting World War I, cede territory to neighboring nations, give up its overseas colonies, pay reparations to the Allied powers, and greatly reduce its military. The treaty also broke up the Austro-Hungarian Empire, forced the Ottoman Empire to cede its Middle Eastern territories, and created the League of Nations.

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Under the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was expected to assume all guilt for starting World War I and to cede territory to Belgium, Czechoslovakia, and France and the new nations of Poland and Lithuania. Germany was also to pay an indemnity to the Allied powers as part of the war guilt clause. Germany's navy and air force was to be dismantled and its army reduced considerably from its prewar numbers. The Versailles Treaty also broke up the Austro-Hungarian Empire based on self-determination, although this would prove to be nearly impossible, as many regions in the former empire were quite small; it would be nearly impossible to create nations based on cultural history. Germany was forced to give up its overseas colonies and the Ottoman Empire was to give up its Middle Eastern territory. The Versailles Treaty also created the League of Nations, though its role in world affairs would continue to be vague and ineffectual without the United States.

Germany was not present during the actual negotiations of the treaty and was forced to sign the treaty under protest. The war guilt clause and the indemnity caused much resentment in Germany and would lead to the eventual assassination of the treaty signers and the rise of Adolf Hitler. The United States did not sign due to the League of Nations, and it signed its own treaty concluding the war in 1921.

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The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I. This treaty was very harsh on the Central Powers and especially for Germany.

There were several terms of the Versailles Treaty. Germany had to pay reparations to the Allies. Germany had to pay $33 billion in reparations. Germany also had to accept the responsibility for the start of World War I. The Central Powers lost much land. Many new countries were created after World War I ended. These new countries were based on the principle of self-determination. The Austro-Hungarian and the Ottoman Empires ended. Much of the land for these new countries came from the defeated countries. Germany’s military capabilities were reduced, allowing Germany only to be able to defend itself. The Versailles Treaty created the League of Nations. This was an organization that was designed to keep the peace by having a place where countries could go to try to resolve their disputes without going to war.

These harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty helped create resentment that eventually was a factor in the start of World War II.

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