What were the main roots of the scientific revolution?

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thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Scientific Revolution ushered in the shift from medieval scientific philosophy. It was centered on new scientific procedures developed by a number of individuals including; Bacon, Rene Descartes, Galileo, Newton, Spinoza and Comenius among other thinkers. Scientific revolution formed the basis of modern science which led to significant changes in the environment and society, by challenging previous assumptions.

Scientific revolution had its roots in the growing need for experimentation by thinkers of that particular period. Medieval science relied mostly on circumstantial evidence to prove its theories. This led to the need by thinkers to prove some of the assumed theories through systematic experimentation and observation.

This led to empiricism and the development of inductive approaches in the investigation of nature. Empiricism was fueled by the collaboration between mathematical communities, astronomical groups, and thinkers of the period.

Publication of scientific research helped in promoting the scientific revolution by providing an avenue for thinkers to address gaps in knowledge based on previous empirical studies. Publishing of such works was facilitated by institutions such as the British Royal Society. The publications generated discussions and arguments which led to further testing and reliable conclusions.