What are the main rights teachers have in the United States, and why is it important that teachers are protected by these rights?
The two dominant reasons that teachers be protected by rights are the same reasons applicable to other employees and other citizens or residents: (1) employment conditions and security and (2) constitutionally mandated human rights. Labor unions in the 1800s and early 1900s paved the way in America for sufficient wages, health protections, work environment safety and restricted work hours. These protections, which are now defined by legislation as rights, were needed because the change from the agrarian peasant and village based servant systems, under which landowners had paternal responsibilities...
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The first thing I will talk about is job security. Attached below is an article regarding the weakening of teachers' tenure rights in states across the U.S.
In the first place, the tenure rights put in place for teachers during the 20th century was to prevent discrimination in terms of gender, skin color, nationality or political beliefs from affecting the stability of the job of being a teacher. This was to boost the morale of those who will be or are teachers in the current education system, that they do have a stable job, and an important one as a teacher guides the future generation.
In essence, the tenure rights is to prevent workplace bullying, as with any other job currently.
As teaching is a very stressful job, with the unpredictability of different children, they should at least not be in fear of losing their job at any point in time.