For what reason did Canada become involved in WWI? How is the War Measures Act related to the first world war?

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Canada became involved in the First World War because it was part of the British Empire. When Great Britain declared war on Germany in August of 1914, its empire did as well, and this was actually one of the things that made the war truly a "world" war. Canada was...

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Canada became involved in the First World War because it was part of the British Empire. When Great Britain declared war on Germany in August of 1914, its empire did as well, and this was actually one of the things that made the war truly a "world" war. Canada was one of the first countries outside of Europe to send forces to fight in the war, dispatching an army in October. While entry into the war was automatic, the amount of forces Canada sent was not, and the Canadian Parliament had the power to decide that for itself. As the war dragged on, many Canadians began to question the extent of the country's involvement, which was extensive.

The War Measures Act was passed by the Canadian Parliament shortly after August, 1914. It gave the government powers deemed necessary for conducting the war effort, including the ability to arrest, detain, and even deport aliens whose presence was deemed a threat to the state. As the war dragged on, it became increasingly controversial; the draft that was first implemented in 1917 was also controversial. Overall, Canada's participation in the war, as well as the measures the Canadian government undertook to fight it, led many Canadians to question the nature of the country's relationship with Great Britain.

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Being part of the British Commonwealth, Canada's entry into World War I was a given as soon as Great Britain declared war on Germany in August of 1914. Canadians largely supported entering the war given the fraternal ties their nation had with Great Britain and most Canadians' British heritage. As soon as the war began, Canada began efforts to expand its armed forces and send supplies and personnel across the Atlantic.

The War Measures Act was passed by Canada's Parliament on August 22. It allowed the federal Cabinet to enact broad measures to ensure the security of the country and expedite military mobilization. Under the War Measures Act certain texts that were considered seditious were banned, the civil liberties of certain foreigners were suspended, and enemy aliens were interned.

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Great Britain declared war on Germany on August 4, 1914. Because the country was under the dominion of the British Empire, Canada automatically became involved. However, the next day the Canadian Governor General officially declared war on Germany due to the overwhelming support of the country's citizens. (The majority of these were of British descent.)

The War Measures Act was both adopted and enacted during the first year of the war. This statue gave the Canadian government "sweeping powers" in times of emergency, to include war. Almost four years later the statute was altered to give the government even more authority in response to the Russian Revolution in 1917.

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