In Animal Farm, what is the main reason for the failure of the farm?

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readerofbooks eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are a few ways in which to answer this question.

First, we can say that the farm failed from the beginning. At first it failed, because Mr. Jones did not really care about the farm or the animals. He was not diligent or caring, and at times he would get so drunk that he would neglect the farm altogether.

When the rebellion took place, it started off well, but there was a conflict among the leadership.  Napoleon finally drove out Snowball.  This act was another reason why the farm failed, because of the two pigs, Snowball was the more intelligent, better organizer, and the one who had a vision.

However, the greatest reason for the failure on the farm, in my opinion, is rooted in Napoleon’s plan for the farm.  Absolute power corrupts absolutely.  When Napoleon took complete control of the farm and introduced a reign of terror, he guaranteed that the farm would fail.  In fact, by the end of the story, we come back to where the story started, as Napoleon becomes a corrupt man, indistinguishable from a human.