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In the Poetics, Aristotle is primarily concerned with analysis of two types of literary works, drama and epic. He considers that both genres function as types of imitation, or mimesis, by means of metrical language. The distinction, for him, between the two genres is that while drama functions by means of pure mimesis, epic functions by a combination of direct mimesis (reported or quoted speech) and diegesis (narration). He distinguishes tragedy as consisting of a single action (occasionally double) of a certain magnitude enacted by people greater than ourselves or seriousness from comedy, which is primarily humourous, and deals with people generally inferior.
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