What is the main function of a middle manager in achieving the goals of a hierarchical orginization?
In an organization with a clear hierarchy, the main function of a middle manager is to take the directives of the upper hierarchy and to translate them into concrete goals that the lower parts of the pyramid will try to achieve.
In a large organization, the size of the organization makes it impossible for a manager or group of managers to simultaneously create long-term strategies and conduct day-to-day activities. For this reason, such organizations need middle management. The middle managers take the long-term goals and determine how to act in order to achieve those goals. Based on what they determine, they give orders to those lower in the hierarchy who will actually carrry out the necessary tasks.