What are the main figures of speech in ' The Blessed Damozel' by Dante Rossetti?
The main figure of speech is ekphrasis, which is extended description. The poem tends to employ many similes, i.e. explicit comparisons signalled by the term "like", and a fair amount of hyperbole, i.e. overstatement used to give a sense of superlative. The religious symbolism functions as a series of allusion. Some of the internal speeches can be considered forms of apostrophe, or direct address.
Describing hair yellow as corn – simile.
Eyes deeper than water – hyperbole, or overstatement.
Day as 10 years – hyperbole
Souls like thin flames – simile
Strove-steps-side – alliteration
Speaking leaf: personification
spins like a midge – another simile
face … Nothing – possibly an anacolouthon