Trofimov, as one of the "intellectuals" that characterise the new era that Russia is entering, stands for everything that the Ranevsky's are against. Note how he was an inmate in a labour camp, clearly highlighting his involvement in subversive activities. Although he is a figure of fun in lots of ways, and Chekhov tries to inject humour into his character so that he does not come across as to serious an individual, he is shown to be outspoken and critical in many different areas and in sharing his ideas. He is, however, also shown to be very supportive and understanding with Anya, consoling her with the thought that the whole of Russia could be her orchard. If there is a failing that he has, it would be his lack of sensitivity to the Ranevsky family and what they are going through. His dedication to the new ideology that is changing Russia makes him incapable of appreciating just how much characters like Madame Ranevsky will lose.