What are the main changes that occured in both the Britain and the American Colonies between the 1660's and 1763?

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By the mid to late 1700's, a couple of things had begun to cause some friction between England and its colonies.  England had spent a good deal of money defending its colonies from the French in the French and Indian War, and subsequently began levying taxes to pay for the operations.  Ironically, even as England was trying to protect its colonies, the most educated and affluent of American colonists, schooled in the ideas of the European Renaissance, began asking philosophical questions about the rights of mankind, the role of government in one's life, and the idea of self-government as being every American's birthright.  It was a perfect storm of sorts:  England needing money to pay for the upkeep and protection of its colonies, the emerging lofty ideals of men such as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington, to name but a few, combined with the less than honorable intentions of roaming bands of ruffians in the Boston area, and it wasn't long before tensions arose, starting with the Stamp Act, and eventually reached a breaking point when the first shots were fired at Lexington and Concord.