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What were the long-term effects of the Boxer Rebellion on China?

The long-term consequences of the Boxer Rebellion were the devastation of the Chinese economy due to the imposition of crippling reparations payments and the further weakening of China as a military power. In combination, these consequences of the Boxer Rebellion made China vulnerable to continued foreign dominance and control.

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Perhaps the longest lasting legacies of the Boxer Rebellion in China is what it did to shape the Chinese sense of self-identity in regards to foreign influence and the way the country is governed. At the time of the rebellion, China was one of the oldest monarchies in the world. However, the way that foreign powers were able to take advantage of China by forcing humiliating concessions led to the crumbling of the monarchy and its permanent demise in 1911. Decades of internal strife eventually gave rise to the totalitarian Communist regime which still governs the country to this day. Even the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s was partly inspired by the Boxer Rebellion as it was a violent attempt to rid the country of outside influences under the guise of Chinese patriotism.

Mindful of the dangers of foreign influences that were forcibly imposed on China after the Boxer Rebellion, modern China is conscious of how foreign entities operate within its borders. While there are large...

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