What are the literary trends in the second half of the 20th century? And give list of authors and their works for each trend?

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Another trend is the exploration of the American psyche from writers such as Thomas Pynchon, Don DeLillo, and Philip Roth.

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Starting with the big boom, the 1950's began to explore science fiction as a booming trend brought in by the space age. Isaac Asimov wrote "I, Robot" back in that time.

A second social trend that began to develop was the recovery from WWII and our status as an American superpower. We had to anchor ourselves in our conservative values to strengthen our self love and patriotism. For this reason we see books like "Life is Worth Living" by Sheen (Bishop Fulton J) and Ayn Rand in "Atlas, Shrugged".

The 60's reflected the tensions developing in society and this is where we find titles such as "Catch 22", "One Flew Over the Coo-koos Nest" and Harper Lee's "To Kill a Mockingbird".

Women movements were also mirrored in literature with works from Maya Angelou, Sylvia Plath and Gloria Steinem.

The 70's literature reflected a preocupation with egocentrism and spiritualism. This is the decade where we see the book "Im OK, You're OK" (Thomas Harris), and authors such as John Updike, Kurt Vonnegcut, and Toni Morris offer their most deepest writings.

The 80s were the "American reading years" as new and exciting fiction appeared in the works of John Le Carre. Danielle Steele, Tom Clancy, and Alice Walker

Finally, the 90's were the pioneers of online reading, and bookclubs were the major trend. Multiculturalism, autobiographies, celebriality, and current trends were the most seen books in the 90s'

Hope this helps!

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Literary trends is a challenging concept.  Usually, "trends" require a period of distance from the particular time frame to properly assess it.  At the same time, "trends" sounds a bit trivial and in its application to literature, I tend to think that gravity might be appropriate.  In terms of some of the ideas and themes that come out of literature in the second half of the century, there would be many.  On one hand, literature that sought to make sense of cultural or national identity emerged from the second half of the 20th Century.  Writers like Milan Kundera sought to analyze what Czech Identity in the wake of the Second World War and Communism.  Salman Rushdie sought to deconstruct the Indian identity post Colonialism and Partition.  In a time period of greater migration and displacement, Carlos Fuentes analyzed much in the way of Latino identity across the world.  Toni Morrison sought to articulate the condition of being of color and being a woman in multiple settings.  Class based identity could be seen in the works of Arthur Miller and August Wilson, while the emerging articulation of what it meant to be gay or lesbian is evident in the works of Tony Kushner and the speeches of Harvey Milk.  The cultural identities of those who might have been relegated to the outside at the start of the century occupied a place at the table of discourse by the end of it.

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