Literary theories by their very nature claim to be comprehensive systems for explaining literature. Thus, in fact, any literary theory should be applicable to any literary work. This being said, often in the attempt to apply literary theory to a work, we discover the limitations of the theory itself.
For example, it could be argued that applying European feminist theory to Asare Konadu's A Woman In Her Prime, a Ghanian novel set in a traditional village, is itself an act of colonial appropriation, imposing western, white, middle class values upon an African work. Instead, it could be argued that a more appropriate lens through which to view Konadu's work might be that of African feminist or postcolonial theory.
Another possible choice would be psychoanalytic criticism, focusing on the dynamics of the way Pokuwaa's religious and ritualistic understanding of her barrenness might reflect internal responses to cultural or psychological trauma, although such an approach could also be criticized as rooted in European cultural prejudices.
Another recent theoretical perspective might be that of literary Darwinism, which applies evolutionary biology to literary works. From this perspective, one might investigate the evolutionary value of post- or non-reproductive women within the village society.