What literary techniques are used in the novel Animal Farm?
Above all, Animal Farm is an allegory. An allegory is a literary technique in which the author uses a fictional tale to make a serious political or moral point. In this case, Orwell fairly transparently intends for the story of the animals to represent the course of the Russian Revolution, which, like the uprising on Animal Farm, began as a reaction to tyrannical rule, and, motivated by an ideology (communism) that emphasized economic and social equality, attempted to establish an ideal society. Like the Russian Revolution, the leaders of the revolution, the pigs, are instrumental in corrupting its ideals and claiming tremendous power for themselves. By the end of the book, Animal Farm, like Stalin's Soviet Union, has become as brutal and tyrannical as the society that preceded it. Orwell means to make a serious political point using the story of the animals as an allegory for what happens when power is left unchecked, even when its aim is the promotion of equality.
The end of Animal Farm is...
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