What literary techniques does Doyle use in The Hound of the Baskervilles?
The first literary technique apparent in "The Hound of the Baskervilles" is the use of a first-person narrator; it is Dr. John Watson, the sidekick of Sherlock Holmes. Readers understand the story through his eyes as he takes part in Holmes's investigations, and readers' perceptions of Holmes are shaped through Watson's thoughts, feelings, and interactions.
Doyle also uses humor; in the opening scene, Watson does not realize that Holmes can see in the reflection of a silver-plated coffee pot that Watson is studying Dr. Mortimer's stick, and so he asks Holmes if he has "eyes in the back of [his] head."
Through imagery, dialogue among characters, and description, the case unfolds and readers are able to follow the story's action.
Doyle creates, in addition to the overall plot, numerous subplots including those of Selden and the other unknown person who live on the moor, the apparent curse, and the story that Watson is telling in addition to the ultimately hidden plot that Holmes reveals.
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