What literary techniques does Doyle use in The Hound of the Baskervilles?

In The Hound of the Baskervilles, Doyle uses literary techniques such as first-person narration, dialogue, Gothic elements, and imagery to produce a chilling and compelling story, to highlight themes, and to characterize major figures.

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Among the most important literary techniques used in the novel are Watson's first-person narration, which highlights Holmes's genius and allows Doyle to mislead the leader as Watson himself is mislead. For example, when Watson reveals his astonishment that Holmes knows he has been at his club all day, Holmes showcases his skills as he is able to explain how elementary it all is to determine Watson's location:

He laughed at my bewildered expression. “There is a delightful freshness about you, Watson, which makes it a pleasure to exercise any small powers which I possess at your expense. A gentleman goes forth on a showery and miry day. He returns immaculate in the evening with the gloss still on his hat and his boots. He has been a fixture therefore all day. He is not a man with intimate friends. Where, then, could he have been?

By following Watson's limited train of thought, readers are also limited—until Doyle wants us to know the truth.

A second literary technique is the use of...

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on June 10, 2020