What are the literary elements that emphasize the social issue of equality of all men in Number 10?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In Number 10 of Whitman's "Song of Myself" there is a strong emphasis on the social equity that became an identifiable association between the poet and his ideas.  The primary motivation of number 10 is to display the level of immersion between subject and external world.  This helps to bridge social inequity and gaps in narrative experience.  If there is no division in how individuals perceive and interact with one another, the social levels of stratification and division can be minimized.  We see this in the line of "My eyes settle the land," indicating a complete immersion between subject and external world.  In addition to this, the notion of separation between artist and working class is completely removed when the speaker interacts with the boatman and the clam digger, remarking that "I tuck'd my trowser-ends in my boots and went and had a good time; You should have been with us that day round the chowder-kettle."  Nowhere is the level of communion between individual and external world apparent than in the interaction between speaker and fugitive slave.  There is a very loud declaration present about how individuals of color and the cultural majority must interact with one another.  There is not the level of division which represents the Status Quo, but rather individuals must be able to demonstrate compassion and care for one another with a genuine sense of brotherhood and care.  The intent is for both sides to sit with one another at the metaphorical table of American society.