There are any number of literary elements to choose from in "House Taken Over," but I can outline a few of the major ones here.
Perhaps the simplest is that Cortázar uses a first-person point of view: the story is narrated by someone directly involved, an "I" who tells the story.
The entire story can be considered an allegory for Peronism, or a form of Argentine populism. The narrator and his sister are representatives of the Argentine bourgeois class: they are idle most of the day, with money coming in from land rentals; the narrator reads French novels; there are only two of them but they live in a huge house; they take up more space than they need, in a family home that they did not earn, but rather was passed down to them. And yet their wealth and their space is being taken over by something (allegorically, the populace, the working class), cutting them down to size and leaving them with nothing. The line "Irene never bothered anyone" is critical within this reading of the story: she...
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