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by Johann Goethe

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What are some literary devices used in Faust Part I & II by Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe?

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In part one, Mephistopheles says to Faust, "Dear friend, all theory is gray, / And green the golden tree of life." In this quotation we have our first literary device, namely the color imagery of "gray," "green," and "golden," and also a second device with the metaphor "tree of life." The color imagery is used by Mephistopheles to convince Faust to turn from his studies, which are, as "gray" connotes, lifeless and dispiriting, and instead turn towards a life of hedonistic experiences, which are vibrant and enriching, as connoted by "green" and "golden." The metaphor "tree of life" is perhaps an allusion (a third literary device) to the garden of Eden story, where Satan, in the guise of a snake, persuaded Adam and Eve to eat from the forbidden tree of knowledge. Mephistopheles is attempting to do much the same here. He is trying to tempt Faust into an irreligious life of the senses and out of the favor of God.

Also in part one, Mephistopheles says to Faust, "Forbear to trifle longer with thy...

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